The Biomedical Waste Management & Handling) Rules, 1998 came into force on 1998. In exercise of the powers conferred by section 6,8 & 25 of EP Act, 1986, the Central Govt. notified these rules for the management and Handling of biomedical wastes generated from Hospitals, clinics, other institutions for scientific management of Biomedical Waste.
The Biomedical waste means any waste, which is generated during the diagnosis, treatment or immunization of human beings or animals or in research activities pertaining thereto or in the production or testing of biological and including categories mentioned in schedule of the Rules.
It shall be the duty of every occupier of an institution generating bio-medical waste which includes a hospital, nursing home, clinic, dispensary, veterinary institution, animal house, pathological laboratory, blood bank by what ever name called to take all steps to ensure that such waste is handled without any adverse effect to human health and the environment.
The Segregation, Packaging, Transportation and Storage shall be done as under:-
1. Bio-medical waste shall not be mixed with other wastes.
2. Bio-medical waste shall be segregated into containers/bags at the points of generation in accordance with Schedule II prior to its storage transportation, treatment and disposal. The containers shall be labeled according to Schedule III. Every occupier of an institution generating, collecting, receiving, storing, transporting, treating and /or handling Biomedical Waste shall apply on Form 1 for Authorization to the Board.